The traditional role of the local government in making the city is undergoing drastic changes. Traditionally, the local governments have been responsible for the civic space and the quality of the entire city, but a new group with innovative ideas is influencing urban development. This process – that has been taking place for some time now – was accelerated by the 2008 crisis, but has deeper lying and more structural roots. During the time of economic recovery, new processes of urban (re)development began to emerge and are continuing to gaining momentum.  The role of the public developer is therefore changing and demands that what is needed from local governments be re-evaluated.

This transition is forcing a re-evaluation of the real importance and value of citizen initiatives, self-organisation and entrepreneurship, and traditional top-down spatial planning. This has real implications for the way that redevelopments processes occur, who is involved, and how they are carried out. The transition, as described above, leaves us with questions such as: how does redevelopment occur, what are the roles of different stakeholders, and how is value determined and created?